We found that increased age, the number of complications and longer duration of the disease significantly increase the burden of cost on society (p This study concluded that substantial expenditure is incurred by people with diabetes; with the implication that resources could be saved by prevention, earlier detection and a reduction in diabetes co-morbidities and complications through improved diabetes care.Large scale and cost-effective prevention programs need to be initiated to maximise health gains and to reverse the advance of this epidemic.
Under his rule, fortifications in the region acted as a bulwark against Portuguese incursions into Sindh.
The annual mean direct cost for each person with diabetes was estimated to be Pakistani rupees 11,580 (US$ 197).
Medicines accounted for the largest share of direct cost (46%), followed by laboratory investigations (32%).
During 1947–1975, MMx T increased 1.9°C, in this period there is − 1.3°C decrease in MMi T and MAT has raised upto 0.3°C.
During 1976–2005, the MMx T, MMi T and MAT increased 2.7°C, 1.2°C and 1.95°C, respectively.