As far as we know, this is the first study reporting the mentioned chemical compounds in G. Nowadays, the popular use of plants as a way of treatment is still very important for human beings .
Mono- and oligosaccharides, with low molecular weight, and their derivatives such as sugar alcohols display a major role in the structure and function of all living cells .
doi=rjphyto.20 INTRODUCTION Free radicals are unstable molecules that can get stabilized by reacting with structural and functional cell components including cellular lipids, proteins and DNA, affecting normal function and leading to various detrimental effects in the long term (Fang et al., 2002; Thetsrimuang et al., 2011).
An antioxidant is a molecule capable of inhibiting the oxidation of other molecules.
Further research is needed to extend our results, to clarify the biochemical pathways leading to increased hydroperoxides (mainly lipid peroxides) and reduced antioxidant defense, and to elucidate the potential effects on athletic performance.
OC use should be considered when developing gender-focused strategies against oxidative stress.